|For Prospective Parents:||For Prospective Egg Donors:|
|Review our List of Egg Donors||
Contact us for more information and eligibility.
Egg donation has been performed in the United States since 1986 and at our Center since 1990.
In egg donation, oocytes (eggs) from a young woman are fertilized in the laboratory, with the sperm of the recipient's partner or selected sperm donor, to create embryos. These embryos are transferred into the patient's (the recipient) uterus to develop into a baby. This procedure enables women with severely diminished ovarian function, or genetic abnormalities to carry and deliver their own child.
II. Types of Egg Donation Programs offered at our Center
Anonymous egg donation - the recipient couple does not know the identity of the egg donor. A detailed history and photographs, are used in donor selection. Our program, as well as some specialized agencies, can provide access to anonymous donors.
Known egg donation - the identity of the egg donor is known to the recipient couple (for example a friend or relative).
III. Summary of Medical Procedures for Egg Donation
- Egg donors undergo a preliminary screening prior to inclusion in the donor pool - including a detailed history, physical exam, discussion of medical, social, emotional, financial, and legal aspects of egg donation.
- Recipient chooses a specific egg donor - a large selection of anonymous egg donors is available through our office or various agencies. A recipient may also choose an egg donor who is known to her (such as a friend or a family member).
- A second round of extensive, detailed screening of the donor occurs - including genetic, psychological, and physical evaluations as appropriate.
- Simultaneous ovarian stimulation of the egg donor and uterine preparation of the recipient - injectable medications stimulate the development of multiple eggs from the donor, while a combination of injectable and oral medications prepare the recipient's endometrium for the implantation of embryos.
- Egg retrieval from the egg donor - A simple, ultrasound-guided, minimally invasive procedure used to retrieve the eggs from the ovaries. This procedure is performed under conscious sedation (twilight sleep), transvaginally with a needle. There are NO INCISIONS in this outpatient procedure.
- Fertilization of the eggs - with the recipient partner's sperm in-vitro (in the laboratory) by insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
- Embryo transfer- of the embryos into the recipient.
- Cryopreservation (freezing) - of any remaining, good-quality embryos, when possible.
IV. Success Rates at the Center for Fertility and Gynecology
The success rates of our Center are amongst the best in the country. The following is a summary of our egg donation success rates (values in parentheses are the national averages reported by SART):**
|Center's Live Birth Rates||74%||59%||60%|
|National's Live Birth Rates||46%||44%||Not yet published|
V. Information for Potential Donors
- Your cycle will be anonymous, unless you are donating eggs for someone you know. This means that the recipient couple will not know your identity and you will not know theirs. The couple will look at your photograph, however, in order to assist with matching your looks with their needs.
- You will be able to help a couple have a family, which is noble and altruistic.
- Egg donors will be compensated financially for a completed cycle. The compensation does not depend on whether the recipient conceives.
- Egg donors need to be between the ages of 18-30.
- Egg donors must be healthy. A detailed explanation of the entire process and additional criteria, as well as a history and physical examination will be provided free of charge to potential donors. Psychological or genetic testing may be necessary prior to initiation of an egg donation cycle. These will be provided free of charge to the donor as well.
- Egg donors must be willing to provide the office with their pictures. These photos will be used by potential recipient couples to assist in your selection. The photos will be returned to you upon request.
- The completed cycle duration is approximately four weeks. You will need to take daily injections during this time, most with a tiny needle (subcutaneous). These are easy to administer in the convenience of your own home, or you may come to the office for administration. There is only minimal discomfort associated with the injection administration.
Learn How Surrogacy Can Bring Light to Your Life
Surrogacy is a variation of egg donation where the "egg donor" is the patient herself, and the "recipient" is the gestational carrier or surrogate who provides the embryos with a uterus to develop in. The resulting baby is born to the surrogate but immediately received by the patient and her partner.
A gestational carrier is needed for women who cannot carry a pregnancy due to a "uterine factor" or a variety of other reasons. This includes women at risk due to underlying medical conditions, those with severe uterine adhesions not amenable to treatment, women who have had a hysterectomy, as well as women with recurrent pregnancy losses. Many gay couples who wish to have a genetic tie to their child may also opt for surrogacy.
While egg donation is usually anonymous, surrogacy is an "open procedure" in which the surrogate and the couple know each other.
Summary of Medical Procedures for Surrogacy
- Surrogates undergo a preliminary screening by an agency prior to inclusion in the surrogate pool (usually including a detailed history, physical exam, discussion of medical, social, emotional, financial and legal aspects of surrogacy).
- The patient picks a specific surrogate. A large selection of surrogates is available through various agencies. A patient may also choose a surrogate who is known to her (such as a friend or a family member).
- A second round of extensive, detailed screening of the surrogate occurs (including genetic, psychological, and physical evaluations as appropriate).
- Simultaneous ovarian stimulation of the patient and uterine preparation of the surrogate. Injectable medications are used to stimulate the development of multiple eggs from the patient, while a combination of injectable and oral medications are used to prepare the endometrium of the surrogate for the implantation of embryos.
- Egg retrieval from the patient. Using a simple, ultrasound-guided, minimally invasive procedure, eggs are retrieved from the ovaries. This is performed under conscious sedation (twilight sleep), transvaginally, with a needle. There are no incisions in this outpatient procedure.
- Fertilization of the eggs with the partner's sperm in-vitro (in the laboratory)
- Embryo(s) are transferred into the surrogate.
- Cryopreservation (freezing) of any remaining, good-quality embryos is performed when available.
Create Your Own Family with the Aid of Gestational Surrogacy
Gestational Surrogacy allows couples to conceive a child that is related biologically to them while still using a surrogate host or “gestational carrier” to carry and birth the baby. This option is becoming more popular than traditional surrogacy because a gestational surrogate has no link genetically to the child that she is carrying. This allows intended parents to have control over their infertility and the ability to involve themselves in all aspects of the pregnancy as well as full legal parental rights after the baby is born.
Treatment for infertility by gestational surrogacy is clear-cut and follows procedures that are routine to IVF for the commissioning mother by transferring fresh or frozen-thawed embryos to the gestational carrier. The gestational surrogacy experience has been greatly free of complications and is proving to be a successful treatment for many women who would not otherwise be able to have their own children.
The Benefits of Gestational Surrogacy
Surrogacy is frequently chosen by couples struggling with issues of infertility as well as gay couples due to the benefits it offers. Benefits such as:
- The opportunity to have a child genetically related to both parents.
- The opportunity to be highly involved in the pregnancy and birth of the child.
- The success rate is very high.
- Surrogacy is a faster process than adoption.
Is Gestational Surrogacy right for you?
Gestational Surrogacy is an option available to women with specific medical issues. Likely indications for gestational surrogacy are: recurrent miscarriage, failure of IVF or repeated failure of IVF, and absent uterus. Additionally, women who have had a hysterectomy for carcinoma but still have ovaries that are functioning are also likely candidates for gestational surrogacy. More than 45,000 children have been born since 1979 as the result of surrogacy. For many, this may not be simply a suitable option, but is an extremely possible solution.
VI. Contact Information for Egg Donation/Surrogacy Programs
For cycle information on egg donation, egg freezing, or surrogacy, please contact:
For financial Q & A, please contact: